Anne Dufourmantelle (20 March 1964 – 21 July 2017) was a French philosopher and psychoanalyst.
Dufourmantelle was educated at Brown University and at Paris-Sorbonne University, where she earned a doctorate in philosophy in 1994. She practised psychoanalysis and was a professor at the European Graduate School and a contributor to La Libération.
Her philosophical work focused on risk taking, which she argued was essential, saying that "absolute security - like 'zero risk' - is a fantasy" and that "[R]eal danger must be faced in order to survive". Her book Éloge du risque or Praise of Risk was published in 2011.