Carlos Marichal Salinas (Maryland, March 10, 1948) is a Mexican historian. He has specialized in the economic history of Latin America, particularly in the financial history of the 18th century.
From 1989 to the present he is a Research Professor at the Center for Historical Studies of El Colegio de México. He received his Ph. D. in History from Harvard University in 1977. A Latin Americanist historian, he has published some twenty books as editor or compiler on intellectual history, international relations, colonial history, and financial history. In 2014 he published his book Minimal History of Latin America's External Debt, 1820-2010, El Colegio de México. This is an abridged but updated version of his book A Century of Debt Crises in Latin America: From Independence to the Great Depression, 1820-1930, published by Princeton University Press in 1989 (with a Spanish edition in Spain and Mexico), which remains the most cited reference work on the long-term history of Latin American foreign debt. Another summary work is his book New history of the great financial crises: a global perspective 1873-2008 Editorial Debate, Madrid, Buenos Aires, Bogotá, Mexico) which reflects his interest in promoting world history from Mexico.