Galileo Galilei (Pisa, Tuscany, 15 February 1564-Arcetri, Tuscany, 8 January 1642) was an Italian astronomer, philosopher, engineer, mathematician and physicist, closely related to the scientific revolution. Eminent Renaissance man, he showed interest in almost all sciences and arts (music, literature, painting). His achievements include the improvement of the telescope, a great variety of astronomical observations, the first law of the movement and a decisive support for the "Copernican Revolution". He has been regarded as the "father of modern astronomy," the "father of modern physics," and the "father of science." His experimental work is considered complementary to the writings of Francis Bacon in the establishment of the modern scientific method and his scientific career is complementary to that of Johannes Kepler. His work is considered a rupture of the established theories of Aristotelian physics and his confrontation with the Roman Inquisition of the Catholic Church is presented as an example of a conflict between religion and science in Western society.