Jacques Ellul Bordeaux, France, 1912 - Gironde, France, 1994
Son of an Orthodox father and a Protestant mother, Jacques Ellul -jurista, historian, sociologist and theologian studied at the Faculty of Law of Bordeaux. He taught at Montpellier and Strasbourg until his dismissal by the Vichy regime. Active Resistance Member in 1943 he was appointed professor of history and sociology of institutions in the University of Bordeaux, where he taught until his retirement in 1980 Deeply disappointed, after the war, by the traditional political parties, is committed to Protestantism. The profound originality of Jacques Ellul is its fierce criticism of modern society subject, he said, to technique. His work, translated into several languages, including studies on medieval institutions in Europe, the impact of modern technology in contemporary society and moral theology. The rejection of systems testifies above all their loyalty to the individual against the state and freedom against conformism. Demanding thinker participated until the end of his life, in all essential debates of his time.