Jerome Kagan Newark, United States, 1929
It is Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology, Emeritus at Harvard University. He graduated in psychology from Rutgers University in 1950, he earned his master's degree from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in 1954 at Yale University. Since 1957 Kagan was devoted to research in developmental psychology at the Fels Institute of Ohio, where two years later he was appointed director of the Psychology Department, a position he held until his appointment as Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. Jerome Kagan, one of the greatest psychologists of the twentieth century development, pioneered the reintroduction of physiology as a determinant of psychological characteristics. His biggest contribution is his research on temperament, great influence not only in studies of developmental psychology, but also in the fields of sociology, education and child and social psychology. He joined numerous scientific committees at the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institute of Mental Health. He has been awarded top prizes in the United States, including the Hofheimer Prize Psychiatric Association in 1963, and the G. Stanley Hall Award of the Association of Psychology in 1995.