He holds a PhD in Political Science and Sociology from the Complutense University of Madrid. Is a professor at El Colegio de Mexico and professor and researcher at the Center for Economic Research and Teaching (CIDE), where he directed the Division of Public Administration from 2005 to 2011. He is a member of the National System of Researchers and the Mexican Academy of Sciences. He has written five books and coordinated fifteen derived from an equal number of research projects. Currently coordinates the Network for Accountability.