The tolerance problem is posed in new terms after Vatican II. The defensive attitude to the "Zeitgeist" has given way to an opening for dialogue. In the essay which occupies the largest part of this volume, Rahner shows how, despite all the internal resistance, opening the new trend is emerging. Necessarily this mutation leads to new problems and conflicts between pluralism and stiffness now accepted dogma of yesterday.
According to the most important theologian of the century Century, the Church can learn from our society, which effectively overcome conflict situations within institutions solutions becoming what seemed dark spots. The way forward must be done in this spirit of tolerance.