He was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1934 and died in 2014 in the same city. Born LeRoi Jones, he was a poet, novelist, essayist, playwright and musician, as well as a prominent political activist. He founded and directed the underground magazine Yugen poetry and the editorial Totem Press, in which were published for the first time texts of Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg. He published numerous essays on colonialism, national oppression, racism and African American music, among which the seminal Blues People stand out. Black music in white America.