Mircea Eliade (Bucharest 1907-Chicago 1986), is one of the last great scientists of religions and author of an important literary work. At twenty-one finishes the race of philosophy in his hometown, then moved to Calcutta to continue his studies of Indian philosophy and Sanskrit. Until 1932 he lives in a monastery in the Himalayas, the year in which the doctor of philosophy. In 1933 he published his first novel, and from then until 1939 he teaches at the University of Bucharest. Later that year, in Paris, he founded the magazine Zalmoxis. During World War II working as a cultural attache at the Romanian embassy in London and Lisbon, and after it, as a professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes in Paris. In 1956 he established in Chicago where he continues his teaching at the University until his death. Between 1959 and 1971 with Ernst Junger directed the journal Antai. His scientific work includes more than forty titles, including: Alchemy Asian, Genghis-Khan Zalmoxis, Images and symbols, Initiations Mystical, Myth and Reality, Dictionary of Religions, ... but the history of beliefs and religious views its most outstanding contribution in the field of religious research: a universal vision of religions from the Stone Age to modern times.