Roger Chartier Lyon, France, 1945
He is director of studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris and visiting professor at the University of Pennsylvania. He was president of the Scientific Council of the Library of France. His work has been primarily focused on the social and political transformations in European history. It has focused on the study of the practices of writing and reading, modes of production and appropriation writing and reconstruction of meanings by readers from different eras. Roger Chartier won the Grand Prix d'histoire of the French Academy in 1992, he was appointed corresponding member of the British Academy and Honorary Doctorate by the University Carlos III of Madrid. In 2006 he was appointed to the Collège de France, and in October 2007 gave the inaugural lecture there played in the dead Listen with your eyes.