Carmen A. Miró (born April 19, 1919) is a Panamanian sociologist, statistician, and demographer. She has been called Latin America's top expert in population, and "probably the most outstanding figure that the Panamanian social sciences have produced". In 1953, Miró was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association "for her many contributions to the greater effectiveness of the recent Censuses of the Americas" and for creating "a comprehensive and useful statistical system for her country".
Miró has honorary doctorates from the University of Havana, from the National University of Córdoba, and from the Latin American Social Sciences Institute. In 1984 she won the United Nations World Population Prize. In 2016 El Colegio de México gave her their Daniel Cosío Villegas Prize.