Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (nicknamed the Wise) (26 April 121 - 17 March 180) was born in Rome, was emperor of the Roman Empire from 161 until his death in 180 was the last of the so-called five Good Emperors, the third Hispanic emperors and is considered one of the most representative figures of the Stoic philosophy.
His government was marked by military conflict in Asia against a revitalized labor Empire and Germania Superior settled against barbarian tribes along the Limes Germanicus into Gaul and across the Danube. During the period of his empire faced a revolt in the eastern provinces led by Casio which Avidio crushed.
The great work of Marcus Aurelius, Meditations, written in Hellenistic Greek during the campaigns of the early 170, is still regarded as a monument to perfect government. It is usually described as "a written work superbly and with infinite tenderness."