Nicole Loraux Paris, France, 1943 - Argenteuil, France, 2003
PhD at the Centre for comparative research on ancient societies, which led Jean-Pierre Vernant, with a thesis entitled "Investigations on the funeral prayer", who led Pierre Vidal-Naquet and gave rise to The Invention of Athens, Nicole Loraux was until his death in 2003, one of the central figures in the renewal of the study of Greek Antiquity. Director of Studies at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, was in charge of the Department of History and Anthropology of the Greek polis, and integrated with Vernant, Vidal-Naquet and Marcel Detienne, the School of Paris. Nicole Loraux jobs have renewed the existing conception of ancient Greece, especially as it relates to politics, the question of gender and the relationship between the collective and individual sensitivities. The invention of Athens has been regarded as a pioneering text on the cultural role of rhetoric in Athenian democracy. They also underlined their original studies on citizenship and democracy, the Greek invention of new elements of the policy and the importance of dissent and conflict in the life of power, subjects collected primarily in his book The divided city (Katz editors 2008). Other areas of his work have been the division of the sexes in ancient Greece and the place of women in Athenian society, who studied through the analysis of the eulogy, death and bereavement. All his work is displayed between history, anthropology and politics, to reveal the operations of thought of the Greek city and install the old research in our modern world.